The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 is a series twin engined, singled aisle, short to medium range aircraft. This series where an updated version of the DC-9, with new stretched aircraft. The series includes the MD-81, MD-82, MD-83, MD-87, and MD-88, each type is the same length except the MD-87 what has a shortened fuselage.
The only difference between the other models is the, engines and fuel. capacities. The McDonnell Douglas MD-88 has a new flight deck what was added to later production models.
The MD-81 (or as it was originally known the DC-9 Super 81) was the first production model of the MD-80.
The MD-82 was equipped with new more powerful engines and petter payload. American Airlines at one point operated more then 300 -82 models.
The MD-83 is slightly longer then the -81 & -81 and also has more powerful engines., increased fuel capacity and higher weights.
This model is the shortest in the MD-80 series (more like the DC-9). It could seat 109-130 passengers.
The MD-88 was the last model designed, it had an EFIS cockpit. Delta Airlines had orders and options for more then 80 aircraft. It was similar to the MD-82/83 but had a new wind shear warning system and a new cabin interior.
At the end of 1990 McDonnell Douglas revealed a MD-80 improvement package. This idea of new engines and updated aircraft was scrapped in 1991.
Purpose: Narrow Body Jet Airliner
First Flight: October 18 1979
Introduction: 1980 with Swissair and Austrian Airlines.
Status: In Service
Number Built: 1,191
Developed From: Douglas DC-9
Developed Into: MD-90 and 717 (MD-95)
Accidents and Incidents:
Up to February 2013 the MD-80 series has been involved in 61 incidents:
December - The DC-9-80 is launched
Flight testing of the DC-9-81 begind
12th September - First DC-9-81 delivered to Swissair
The DC-9-81 is renamed the MD-80
17th December - First flight of the MD-83
4th December - First flight of the MD-87
15th Auguest - First flight o the MD-88
New MD-80 assembly plant in China
Boeing acquires McDonnell Douglas and announces the end of the MD-8- production
Final MD-83 is delivered to TWA