Air Jamaica Douglas DC-8 1978 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_DC-8#mediaviewer/File:Air_Jamaica_McDonnell_Douglas_DC-8-62H_Fitzgerald.jpg
The Douglas DC-8 is a four engined long range narrow body jet airliner. The aircraft was launched to compete against Boeing's 707. The DC-8 kept Douglas in a Strong and positive position in the airline market, in the later years it began to be superseded by wide body aircraft like the Boeing 747, Douglas DC-10 and Lockheed L1011. The design of the DC-8 men't it could carry slightly more cargo then the 707, some re engined DC-8s are still used as freighters the last DC-8 to carry passengers was used by ATI (Air Transport International) they used a DC-8 combi.
This was design for domestic use. Powered by 13,500 lb Pratt & Whitney JT3C turbojets with water injection.
Series 20 had high 15,800 lb Pratt & Whitney JT4A turbojets without water injection. These engines allowed a weight increase to 276,000 pounds. 34 DC-8-20s where built. This model was originally named the DC-8B but was changed when the series 30 came out.
This series was for intercontinental routes, these had JT4A engines with a one-third increase in fuel capacity, it also had a strengthened fuselage and landing gear. The JT4A-9 engines fitted could produce up to 16,800 lb of thrust with a maximum take off weight of 300,000 pound.
The DC-8-40 was basically the -30 series but had four Rolls Royce Conway 509 turbofan engines for better efficiency, less noise and less smoke, these could produce 17,500 lb of thrust.
The 50 had a shortened fuselage compared to the other series, it consisted of four JT3D engines what power the mieghty Boeing 707. Four earlier aicraft had been converted to these. The -51, -52 and -53 all had JT3D-1 engines what produced 17,000 lb of thrust.
The 60 series was nicknamed the "Super 60" was designed for high capacity medium ranged use. This had the same wings, engines and pylons as the -55 series. With the extra length adding to more weight the aircraft hat to be strengthened. This had a maximum take off weigh of 325 pounds.
This was the final series of the DC-8 family it was nicked named the "Super 70" because it was the same airframe as the "Super 60" but with new engines, replacing the JT3Ds with CFM56-2 high-bypass turbofans in new housing built by Grumman.
Operators as of 2014
Airline Quantity Reg
Aeropostal Cargo de Mexico 1 XA-TXS
AirLift International 1 9G-RAC
Air Transport International 1 N71CX
Brisair 1 VP-BHS
Congolese Air Force 1 9T-TCN
Johnsons Air 2 9G-SIM & 9G-TOP
Meridian Airways 2 9G-AXA, 9G-AXC
NASA 1 N817NA
Protocole Aviation 2 9Q-CTA & TN-AIE
Republic of Togo Government 1 5V-TGF
Trans Air Cargo Service (TACS) 3 3X-GHH, 9Q-CJG & 9Q-CJL
Purpose: Narrow Body Jet Airliner
First Flight: May 30 1958
Introduction: September 18 1959 with United Airlines and Delta Airlines
Status: In limited cargo & transport operations
Airframes Built: 556
Accidents and Incidents
Up to May 2011 the Douglas DC-8 has been involved in 140 incidents.
1959-21 | 1960-91 | 1961-42 | 1962-22 | 1963-19 | 1964-20 | 1965-31 | 1966-32 | 1967-41 | 1968-102 |
1969-85 | 1970-33 | 1971-13 | 1972-4 | Total: 556