The Douglas DC-10 is a three engines wide body jet airliner. It has the capability for medium to long haul flights and could carry a maximum of 380 passengers in a 1 class configuration. In 1989 the DC-10 production line finally ended with 386 deliveries. 60 of which where delivered to the United States Air Force (USAF) as air to air refuelling tankers called KC-10s. The Royal Netherlands Air Force converted four DC-10-30s into KDC-10s for refuelling, passengers and cargo operations, they also had a very unique glass display cockpit.
The DC-10 has an unusual design compared to most wide body aircraft such as the Boeing 747 or the Airbus A330, it has three turbofan engines instead of the usual two or four, one on each wing attached to a pylon and one located through the vertical stabilizer at the rear of the aircraft. Sometimes this is interpreted as the third engine when in fact it is the second. The cockpit thrust leavers go from left to right meaning that the rear engine will be located in the middle.
In 1996 Boeing launched the MD-10 upgrade which would include a new flat screen cockpit display very similar to the MD-11 display. This was called a AFC, Advanced Common Flight deck. The original flight deck included three crew members, two pilots and one flight engineer with an analogue display. This was reduced to just two pilots in the AFC cockpit.
This was the first version produced between 1970 and 1981. A total of 122 where built with GE CF6-6 engines.
The -10CF is a convertible freighter version, eight where produced for Continental Airliners and United Airlines.
This was a proposed idea which did not happen. It was to have extra fuel tanks and extensions on each wing tip. This was later renamed the -40 with some slight design changes.
This was the most common model that was produced it was also a longer range version with CF6-50 turbofan engines.
27 convertible freighter versions where produced.
ER stands for extended range. This version had a higher take off weight as well as an extra fuel tank in the rear of the cargo hold.
The DC-10-30AF also known as the F is an all freighter version. Production started in 1984 with a total of 10 being built.
Was fitted with Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines. This version also included a higher maximum take off weight (MTOW) compared to the previous versions.
This was a proposed small version with two engines but was never created. The picture below shows you what the DC-10 twin would have looked like.
Current Main Operators
Historic Large Operators
Purpose: Wide body Jet Airliner
First Flight: August 29th 1970
Introduction: August 5th 1971 with American Airlines
Status: In Service as a Cargo Aicraft, last passenger flight was Biman Bangladesh Airlines in 2013.
Airframes Built: DC-10 386 & KC-10 60
Developed Into: McDonnell Douglas MD-11
Accidents and Incidents
Up to May 2013 the DC-10 had been involved in 52 incidents.
1971-13 | 1972-52 | 1973-57 | 1974-48 | 1975-42 | 1976-19 |
1977-14 | 1978-18 | 1979-36 | 1980-40 | 1981-25 | 1982-11 |
1983-12 | 1984-10 | 1985-11 | 1986-17 | 1987-10 | 1988-10 |
1989-1 | Total 446
First orders from American Airlines and United Airlines
29th August - First flight of the DC-10-10
29th July - Series 10 type certified by the FAA
5th August - Entered service with American Airlines
27th October - Series 40 type certified by the FAA
December - Final DC-10 rolled off the production line
July - Final DC-10 delivered to Nigerian Airways
Front Section of a Monarch DC-10 G-DMCA at Manchester Airport Viewing Park.
Ex Ghana Airways DC-10-30 9G-ANB as a restaurant in Accra, Ghana.